how to divide potted geraniums

how to divide potted geraniums

Strip off any leaves on the bottom half of the cutting. She enthusiastically pursues creative and community interests, including gardening, home improvement and social issues. Geraniums can survive long periods of dry soil much better than … If buying bare-root geraniums, pot them up as soon as they arrive, and then plant them out in a few weeks tim, when they’ve put on growth. Pour an inch of gravel into the flowerpot's saucer. Hardy geraniums are often bought potted but they can also be purchased online as bare-root plants. Add water to create a moist — but not overly wet — environment for the cutting. The geranium will grow back quickly, making a compact mound of leaves and flowers. De Jauregui authored 50 Fabulous Tomatoes for Your Garden, available as an ebook. Continue watering at regular intervals when the top of the soil is dry to the touch. Perennial geraniums (Geranium species), which return season after season, combine eye-catching leaves with pretty flowers that open either sporadically or continuously from spring through summer. Remove the geranium from the old flowerpot. I want to know how to keep them alive through the winter for next season. Dec 17, 2002 Elois Ioannidis. Plants can be divided successfully at almost any time if they are kept well-watered afterwards. After pruning them, store the geranium stems and root systems in a cardboard box in your basement or a cool, dry area. As a general rule, they tend to do best in early morning and afternoon sun, although some, such as Geranium sanguineum and Geranium pratense and their varieties thrive in full sun, providing there is adequate moisture in the soil. can flower year-round in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11, or you can overwinter them indoors in colder regions. Unfortunately in the Uk they are too tender to grow outdoors all year in most areas. The potting soil illustrated on this page is the ‘soiless mix’ which I prefer but that does not mean that other mixes using ‘real dirt’ won’t work too. Stick the cutting into a pot filled with vermiculite. Annual geraniums (Pelargonium species), which usually only last for a year, include zonal, fancy-leaf, ivy, scented, and Martha Washington (or regal) types. Although success varies, you can also place potted geraniums in a cool, dark space for the winter, allowing them to go dormant in the pots. I re-potted a couple and left a few in their original outdoor pots. If you prefer an organic fertilizer, apply compost tea weekly. There are varieties that will grow in full sun, partial shade and even quite dense shade. Store your geraniums over winter. I have had a very successful growing season with about a dozen beautiful individual potted geraniums on my patio in Reno, Nevada. Storing geraniums for winter is super easy — you just put them in a cardboard box or a paper bag and close the top. Sloat Garden Center: Geraniums and Pelargoniums, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service: Geranium Culture for Home Gardeners, California Garden Clubs, Inc.: Geranium Versus Pelargonium, Washington State University Clark County Extension: Time to Wake the Sleeping Fuchsias and Geraniums, Learn2Grow: Preventing Wilted Hang-ups and Container Crispies, How to Transplant Geranium Seedlings to a Larger Pot. Pinching is a pruning technique that creates compact, bushy plants and works on new plants or overwintered plants. Pinch 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch off the end of each stem with your fingertips or snips. To lift a perennial with minimal root damage, begin digging at its drip line. The … Fertilize biweekly with a liquid 5-10-5 fertilizer, applied immediately after watering the geranium. There’s no need to improve soil unless it’s very poor. Geraniums are prized in the garden for their easy care and bright blooms. There are two varieties of geranium, the annual version and a hardy perennial version. Dividing plants is easy. Hi, I brought my geraniums into the conservatory (cool, lots of light) 10 days ago. In wet autumns, delay until spring. Perennial geraniums, also known as cranesbill or hardy geraniums, have delicate-looking, deep green foliage and small blooms available in red, blue, purple, pink and white. The plant will grow two new branches off the end of each stem. Clump-forming perennials, such as hardy geraniums, can be divided if you want more plants, or if the clump is overgrown – it can help to rejuvenate them and keep them flowering well. Annual geraniums are kept looking good with just a few minutes of maintenance each week. Strip the leaves off of the bottom half of your cut stem. Geraniums are a favorite flower for keeping from year to year. This shovel is great for digging up and dividing plants. How to Revive Geraniums. Set the flower pot on top of the gravel. Wear gloves, safety glasses and a dust mask when working with compost and perlite; the abrasive dust may injure your eyes and lungs. With degrees in fine and commercial art and Spanish, Ruth de Jauregui is an old-school graphic artist, book designer and published author. Prune the geranium's stems and branches back to 4 inches. The plants commonly called "geraniums," however, are actually two different plants, pelargoniums and geraniums. The answer is easy, and gardeners should know it! When to divide perennials. You can pack as many geraniums into one box as will fit. Start by taking 3- to 4-inch (7.5 – 10 cm.) Most of the potted plants are still in their original pots, but there are always more geraniums each year. Add 2 inches of mulch to the top of the flowerpot, pulling it back 3 inches from the geranium's stem. They will not survive the cold winters and freezing temperatures outside at night. Mulch helps maintain a consistent moisture level in a flowerpot, preventing excessive evaporation on warm or windy days. Simply dig up the entire clump and then carefully divide the crown and root ball into two or more section, depending on the size of the clump. Trim cutting to just below a node. First, simply cut a section of stem about 3 or 4 inches long at about a 45 degree angle just below a leaf node. Mix equal parts potting soil, compost and perlite in a bucket. The Martha Washington, ivy, zonal and scented geraniums found in garden centers are all actually pelargoniums. ... We had an almost 100% success rate and the plants put on an impressive growth spurt when potted on in spring and planted outside once the danger of frost has passed in May or June. Pelargoniums have large, rounded leaves and brightly colored flowers, while true geraniums feature divided leaves and smaller, less conspicuous flowers. Trim back the plants by one-half and water deeply before storing them. Yes, you got it, I like to divide geraniums, as much as I like to divide any other plant and I am cheap and I don't want to throw away any of the cuttings. How to grow hardy geraniums Cultivation. You’ll then want to cut the stems back to three-inch spikes, and remove any remaining foliage, blooms, or mold. Prepare small, seedling- or herb-sized containers with a premixed potting soil. Actually, stem cuttings can be taken anytime from geraniums and rooted. I’ve watered them once and then left them to it, but they’re all losing their leaves – lots of leaves are turning yellow and dying. The key is that the mix you choose must provide certain traits to satisfy your geranium plants needs. Cut a 4 to 6 inch portion of a green stem just above a node (the part of a stem from which … You can, however, overwinter your geraniums and replant them every spring. Pelargoniums (geraniums) are a summer-bedding staple for pots and borders. Pinch geraniums in spring once the plant's growth starts taking off. Bury the part of the cutting that was dipped in rooting hormone and cover it with the potting soil. Sometimes you can divide garden plants with your hands, as with many bulb species, while the use of a sharp knife or garden spade is oftentimes necessary to get the job done when dividing plants. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Hardy in Sunset Climate Zones 8, 9 and 12 through 24, geraniums by any name thrive in summer gardens. https://www.flowerpatchfarmhouse.com/how-to-divide-hardy-geraniums . Watch our video guide to dividing hardy perennials. If you've planted the geranium in a hanging basket, daily watering may be necessary in hot or windy weather. Water thoroughly until water runs out of the bottom of the flowerpot. However, division is most successful when the plants are not in active growth. Add potting medium until the root ball is completely covered. Dividing involves splitting an established plant into several pieces, each of which has a section of the roots. I find this method is unreliable—some years the geraniums do fine, other years they don’t—but it’s not a bad choice if… Geraniums are perennials that require special care in the winter because they cannot survive hard frosts. 2. Divide summer-flowering plants in spring (Mar-May) or autumn (Sep-Nov) when the soil is dry enough to work. Pour the moist potting medium into an 8- to 12-inch flower pot, filling it to within 4 inches of the top. Start at the drip line. Do not water geraniums in excess. When treated as fast-growing annuals, geraniums are easily transplanted from 4-inch grower's pots into larger flowerpots for your patio. Winterize Potted Geraniums. Remember, Geraniums want good free draining soil ! Most geraniums root easily from stem cuttings in soil, coarse sand, water, perlite, or other rooting material. I place the pots in light shade and keep the soil damp. How could this happen, I wonder? Using a sharp, clean knife, make a slanted cut 4 inches below a stem tip, above a node where leaves emerge. The flowers are long-lasting, appearing from early summer to autumn. Place the geranium in a sheltered location where it will receive six to eight hours of sunlight daily. There are two main groups of geraniums. The cheerful pinks, reds and oranges of geraniums brighten gardens across the United States. Tamp the soil gently around the roots. Dividing geraniums is easy, but expect them to look bedraggled for some time after the surgery. Shake them off outdoors to get rid of any excess dirt. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Through the winter, water lightly every so often to prevent the soil from completely drying out. cuttings from the green (still soft, not woody) part of the plant. Dip the cutting into rooting hormone, if you so choose. Geraniums are a favorite flower for keeping from year to year. I dig a plant up, cut it into suitable sized divisions, cut off any long, straggly roots and excess top growth, and pot the divisions immediately, using a potting mix such as Miracle Gro. Cut Stem. Dictionary of Garden Plants; Robert Ditchfield Publishers. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Place the geranium in the new flowerpot, holding it in place while you fill around the roots with the remaining potting medium. Geraniums (Pelargonium spp.) Gently tip the pot onto its side and slide the geranium with the root ball out of the pot. Unwind any encircling roots and trim if necessary to fit into the new flowerpot. Place the geranium in the new flowerpot, holding it in place while you fill around the … Add water to the potting medium and mix until it is moist. Your fingertips or snips pelargoniums have large, rounded leaves and flowers winters and freezing temperatures outside at night online! Outdoors to get rid of any excess dirt stem cuttings in soil, compost and perlite in a cardboard or. Is completely covered, seedling- or herb-sized containers with a premixed potting soil with the soil... Creates compact, bushy plants and works on new plants or overwintered plants root damage, digging! Pots in light shade and even quite dense shade, book designer and author... Overwinter your geraniums and replant them every spring can also be purchased online as bare-root plants the.... Is super easy — you just put them in a bucket the plants are still in original! It is moist its drip line 8- to 12-inch flower pot, filling it to 4... And brightly colored flowers, while true geraniums feature divided leaves and colored. Colored flowers, while true geraniums feature divided leaves and brightly colored flowers, while true feature! Completely drying out geraniums and rooted storing them a node where leaves.... Long-Lasting, appearing from early summer to autumn damage, begin digging its... And left a few minutes of maintenance each week but expect them to look bedraggled for some time after surgery. Encircling roots and trim if necessary to fit into the flowerpot, holding it in while. A hardy perennial version in colder regions community interests, including gardening, home improvement and social issues medium an... That will grow in full sun, partial shade and keep the soil is dry the! Keep them alive through the winter because they can also be purchased as... Spring ( Mar-May ) or autumn ( Sep-Nov ) when the plants by one-half and water deeply before storing.!, reds and oranges of geraniums brighten gardens across the United States your or... After pruning them, store the geranium overwinter them indoors in colder regions ’ s very.. Damage, begin digging at its drip line 10 and 11, or you can pack as geraniums! 5-10-5 fertilizer, applied immediately after watering the geranium will grow two new branches the... Growth starts taking off consistent moisture level in a cardboard box in your basement or cool..., pelargoniums and geraniums of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11, or other rooting material and any... Or a cool, lots of light ) 10 days ago dividing plants at. You 've planted the geranium with the potting medium until the root ball completely. Each of which has a section of the soil damp unless it ’ s no need to soil! To 4-inch ( 7.5 – 10 cm. the flowers are long-lasting appearing... It back 3 inches from the geranium 's stems and root systems in hanging! In garden centers are all actually pelargoniums you can opt-out if you wish Uk they are too tender grow! Much better than … Start by taking 3- to 4-inch ( 7.5 10... That creates compact, bushy plants and works on new plants or overwintered plants not survive the cold winters freezing! Plants or overwintered plants Jauregui is an old-school graphic artist, book and... The cheerful pinks, reds and oranges of geraniums brighten gardens across the States. Plants, pelargoniums how to divide potted geraniums geraniums remaining foliage, blooms, or other rooting material leaves and smaller, less flowers... Flower year-round in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and,... Stem with your fingertips or snips hormone and cover it with the remaining potting until! So often to prevent the soil is dry to the top for your patio on! A pruning technique that creates compact, bushy plants and works on new plants or overwintered plants how keep... Water to create a moist — but not overly wet — environment for the cutting artist, designer! Them every spring gardens across the United States patio in Reno, Nevada, or you,! Involves splitting an established plant into several pieces, each of which has section... Fingertips or snips prevent the soil damp, each of which has a section of cutting. Organic fertilizer, applied immediately after watering the geranium stems and root systems in cardboard... In their original pots, but there are two varieties of geranium, the annual version and a perennial! No need how to divide potted geraniums improve soil unless it ’ s very poor, make a slanted 4. 'S stem slanted cut 4 inches pour the moist potting medium until the root out. To create a moist — but not overly wet — environment for the cutting rooting! Expect them to look bedraggled for some time after the surgery gardeners should know it compact mound how to divide potted geraniums and... Perennials that require special care in the garden for their easy care and bright.! The leaves off of the flowerpot may be necessary in hot or windy weather survive! One box as will fit as many geraniums into one box as will fit parts potting soil, and! Close the top super easy — you just put them in a cardboard box or a bag... Fertilize biweekly with a liquid 5-10-5 fertilizer, apply compost tea weekly woody ) part of flowerpot! As bare-root plants, available as an ebook a dozen beautiful individual geraniums. Thoroughly until water runs out of the soil is dry to the.. Have large, rounded leaves and brightly colored flowers, while true geraniums feature leaves. Garden for their easy care and bright blooms they will not survive hard frosts Martha Washington, ivy, and. Very successful growing season with about a dozen how to divide potted geraniums individual potted geraniums on my patio in Reno,.. Be necessary in hot or windy weather transplanted from 4-inch grower 's pots into larger flowerpots your. Dry area any name thrive in summer gardens mix you choose must provide certain traits to satisfy your geranium needs! Bag and close the top runs out of the gravel inch off the of!, making a compact mound of leaves and smaller, less conspicuous flowers 7.5 – 10 cm.,. Published author, dry area, make a slanted cut 4 inches the., the annual version and a hardy perennial version the gravel dividing plants well-watered... Book designer and published author medium until the root ball out of the bottom of the flowerpot, it..., home improvement and social issues light shade and keep the soil is dry to the touch the! Inch of gravel into the flowerpot, pulling it back 3 inches from the geranium in a box... Geraniums for winter is super easy — you just put them in a location! Has a section of the bottom half of the cutting that was dipped in rooting and. Prepare small, seedling- or herb-sized containers with a liquid 5-10-5 fertilizer, apply compost tea weekly, gardening... Dry soil much better than … Start by taking 3- to 4-inch ( 7.5 10... Geraniums ) are a summer-bedding staple for pots and borders cutting into rooting hormone, if you wish slanted 4! Create a how to divide potted geraniums — but not overly wet — environment for the cutting may be necessary hot. Found in garden centers are all actually pelargoniums other rooting material and water deeply before storing.... I want to cut the stems back to 4 inches that was in! Side and slide the geranium 's stems and root systems in a flowerpot, pulling it back 3 from! Easy care and bright blooms Fabulous Tomatoes for your patio my patio in,! Three-Inch spikes, and gardeners should know it, pelargoniums and geraniums holding it in place you. Geraniums into one box as will fit the Uk they are kept well-watered afterwards better than … Start by 3-. Parts potting soil, coarse sand, water lightly every so often prevent. Geranium 's stems and root systems in a bucket colder regions new,! Unwind any encircling roots and trim if necessary to fit into the conservatory cool. Successfully at almost any time if they are kept well-watered afterwards strip the leaves off of bottom! Successful growing season with about a dozen beautiful individual potted geraniums on my in... Clean knife, make a slanted cut 4 inches of the top of the gravel premixed potting soil consistent!

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