widescreen film formats

widescreen film formats

), A Chilean film, Post Mortem, used anamorphic lenses with 16 mm film, to be projected at an ultra-widescreen 2.66:1 for a unique look. However, it is unclear whether it was released in that widescreen process due to declining interest of the movie-going public. A full history of different film formats would take a multi-volume book series, ... Ironically, part of the problem was that widescreen films transferred very badly to square TVs. 1.85:1 has become the predominant aspect ratio for the format. It involved projecting images from three synchronized 35mm projectors onto a deeply-arced screen. In each case, the numbers refer to the frame size in cm. In 1930, after experimenting with the system called Fantom Screen for The Trail of '98 (1928), MGM came out with a system called Realife. [1][2] In 1927, the Natural Vision process was used in the production of The American a.k.a. Zum einen wird das Bildfenster gegenüber dem … This was not a production change, rather it was a recommended projection change. Mit CinemaScope war es erstmals in großem Stil möglich, mit relativ geringem technischen Aufwand bei gleichzeitig guter Qualität auf Basis von üblichem 35-mm-Film Breitbild im Seitenverhältnis von zunächst 2,55:1, später 2,35:1 und 2,40:1 zu projizieren (ähnlich dem modernen Videoformat 21:9). Negative frames were eight perforations wide. Sie bieten den Vorteil, das Filmnegativ zwar vollständig zu nutzen, benötigten dafür aber mehr Licht als herkömmliche Optiken. Medium Format Film. With the exception of a few films created sporadically for use in specialty Cinerama theaters, the format is effectively obsolete. Did you find what you needed? Although it was more of a technology demo than an actual movie, it was the first time that people had the opportunity to see a widescreen movie since the adaptation of the Academy ratio. Digital material is provided to widescreen TVs either in high-definition format, which is natively 16:9 (1.78:1), or as an anamorphically-compressed standard-definition picture. Pre-Widescreen Movie Film Format Brief History. In film, a widescreen film is any film image with a width-to-height aspect ratio greater than the standard 1.37:1 Academy aspect ratio provided by 35 mm film. LUMIERE WIDESCREEN: This 75mm large film format was invented by pioneer French cinematographers Louis and Auguste Lumiere. This has replaced the old 4:3 aspect ratio. Geht man von einem Seitenverhältnis des Academy-Filmbildes von 1,375:1 aus, müsste sich bei dem üblichen anamorphotischen Faktor 2 ein Bildseitenverhältnis von 2,75:1 ergeben. A special lens inside the projector unsqueezes the image so that it will appear normal. Cinerama, Cinemascope, Vistavision, Panavision, Todd-AO, Technirama, Superscope, wide screen, widescreen, 70mm, anamorphic, color film, aspect ratio On desktop, mobile, and smart TV, there are three standard formats: 4:3 — “Academy format,” aka 1.375:1, the standard for most films made before the 1950s; 16:9 — aka 1.78:1, this “widescreen” format is standard for HDTV (and now, most desktop video players, Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter) Widescreen film was one of the innovations that survived and has since dominated the cinema. Random information on the term “IMAX”: A lens is a transmissive optical device that focuses or disperses a light beam by means of refraction. For many years, large budget pictures shot anamorphically used reserve stocks of 70 mm film for SFX shots involving CGI or blue-screen compositing as the anamorphic format creates problems with said effects. Debuting in 1953, Cinemascope was a super widescreen format developed by the head of research at 20th Century Fox. 2.35:1 to 2.66:1 (Cinemascope). Now, there are various kinds of aspect ratios in the movie field, but two of them have predominance: one is Academy Flat, 1.85:1, while the other is Anamorphic Scope, 2.35:1. A standard TV is 1.33 times as wide as it is tall; in other words, it has an aspect ratio of 1.33:1. The possible answerss for Wide-screen film format are listed below. A film format is a technical definition of a set of standard characteristics regarding image … Earlier 4:3 films such as Gone with the Wind have always been displayed on television in full frame, though color television was invented later. For years, the classic 4:3 (or 1.33/1.37) aspect ratio has been on life support. Super 35 is a film format that uses the same 35mm stock that is used in any other format, except the space that is normally used by the soundtrack is also used. 70mm was what put Ben-Hur on the map in 1959, and now it's a way that filmmakers are getting people out to see the spectacle. Formate beim 35-mm-Film. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 3. Anamorphe Bildaufzeichnung bezeichnet die Speicherung bzw. People just can't handle the black bars on the top and bottom of the screen; going so far as to even say that movie makers are CUTTING OUT that screen area and cheating consumers out of part of the movie! Super gauges – The full negative frame, including the area traditionally reserved for the sound track, is filmed using a wider gate. In this post you will find Wide-screen film format crossword clue answers and solutions. The UK, in particular, began moving to widescreen with the advent of digital terrestrial television in the late 1990s, and commercials were required to be delivered to broadcasters in widescreen as of 1 July 2000, on their widescreen "C-Day". Modern widescreen televisions feature a 16:9 (and occasionally 16:10) aspect ratio, allowing them to display a 16:9 widescreen picture without letterboxing (or with a minimal letterbox in the case of 16:10). Later, after directing some 60 films and producing over 2,000, the Bros. Lumiere abandoned film production and devoted their energies to the manufacture of photographic equipment and 3-D. WIDESCOPE: Invented by George W. Bingham in 1921, this double lens system … Later Cinerama movies were shot in 70 mm anamorphic (see below), and the resultant widescreen image was divided into three by optical printers to produce the final threefold prints. Silent film was projected at a ratio of four units wide to three units tall, often expressed as 4:3 or 1.33:1. Medium format is also known as 120 film. The film is essentially shot "squeezed", so that the actors appear vertically elongated on the actual film. The negative is usually 2.66:1 or, in rare cases, 2.55:1 or 2.35:1. However, a few producers and directors, among them Alfred Hitchcock, were reluctant to use the anamorphic widescreen size featured in such formats as Cinemascope. 2.35:1. Seit etwa 1970 wird die Mehrzahl der Filme für die Breitwandvorführung konzipiert. Anamorphic 70 mm – 70 mm with anamorphic lenses, popularly known as "Ultra Panavision" or "MGM Camera 65", creates an even wider high-quality picture. Later experiments from the 1920s include Abel Grace’s Polyvision […] [9] There is also an extension to PAL, called PALplus, which allows specially equipped receivers to receive a PAL picture as true 16:9 with a full 576 lines of vertical resolution, provided the station employs the same system. In such an instance, a photographer will compose for widescreen, but "protect" the full image from things such as microphones and other filming equipment. Widescreen was first used for The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight (1897). Wide-screen film format. Ultra-WideScreen 3.6 video never spread, as cinemas in an even wider ScreenX 270° format were released. Did you find what you needed? Die Filme wurden mit nicht-anamorphotischer Aufnahmetechnik im Normalformat (1,33:1) gedreht, jedoch wurde später im Labor eine anamorphotische Umkopierung zum Format 2,0:1 vorgenommen. Examples shown date from before the turn of the century with the 51mm Latham Eidoloscope (1895) and Enoch J Rector’s 63mm Veriscope (1897) wide film systems. It was directed by J. Stuart Blackton and starred Bessie Love and Charles Ray, but was never released theatrically. Seit etwa 1970 wird die Mehrzahl der Filme für die Breitwandvorführung konzipiert. The original screen ratio for television broadcasts was 4:3 (1.33:1). Alternatively, a hard matte in the printing or shooting stages may be used to mask off those areas while filming for composition purposes, but an aperture plate is still used to block off the appropriate areas in the theater. Later, after directing some 60 films and producing over 2,000, the Bros. Lumiere abandoned film production and devoted their energies to the manufacture of photographic equipment and 3-D. When preparing a film that was originally intended to be displayed in widescreen for television broadcast the material was often edited with the sides truncated, using techniques such as Center cut or pan and scan. Cameras usually capture ultra-wide photos and videos using anamorphic format lens, which shrinks the extended horizontal FOV while saving on film or disk. This system has no equivalent in analog NTSC broadcasting. By 1932, the Great Depression had forced studios to cut back on needless expense and it was not until 1953 that wider aspect ratios were again used in an attempt to stop the fall in attendance due, partially, to the emergence of television in the U.S. The process, called Polyvision by Gance, consisted of three 1.33 images side by side, so that the total aspect ratio of the image is 4:1. Eight-perf photography is sometimes used for shooting special effects in order to produce a finer grained matte that can be used in optical printing without image degradation, and is notable for its use in Lucasfilm's original three Star Wars films, among others. This wallchart illustrates most of the film formats processed or adopted for the presentation of widescreen and 3-dimensional motion pictures. This wide aspect ratio provides a much more cinematic look and used mostly in films. 3:1 images projected side by side in Napoléon (1927 film). Widescreen Weekend is an annual film festival at the National Science and Media Museum, Bradford. For television, the original screen ratio for broadcasts was in fullscreen 4:3 (1.33:1). The WideScreen Museum is dedicated to the inventors of the great widescreen systems and to the film crews that created the memorable films we've been privileged to enjoy. 9. Step Into The Foyer. Widescreen was first widely used in the late 1920s in some short films and newsreels, and feature films, notably Abel Gance's film Napoleon (1927) with a final widescreen sequence in what Gance called Polyvision. Dezember 2020 um 19:06 Uhr bearbeitet. These developments will result in more options for viewing widescreen images on television monitors. Silent film was projected at a ratio of four units wide to three units tall, often expressed as 4:3 or 1.33:1. This system is obsolete. This was the same aspect ratio as most cinema screens and films at the time television was first sold commercially. If there is anything wrong with the answers we have provided for you, please make feel free to contact us so we can resolve the issue you’re having problem with. Die meisten Kinofilme werden nicht mit einem Seitenverhältnis von 1,78:1 (16:9-Format), sondern mit 2,33:1 (Cinemascope) produziert. Only two narrative feature films, The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm and How the West Was Won, were filmed in three-camera Cinerama, and several sequences from the latter were actually filmed in Ultra-Panavision. HD DVD and Blu-ray players were introduced in 2006. The Flag Maker. Films shot in CinemaScope or Panavision are usually projected at a 2.39:1 aspect ratio, though the historical aspect ratio can be 2.55:1 (original 4-track magnetic sound aspect ratio) or 2.35:1 (original mono optical sound aspect ratio). If you are still unsure with some definitions, don’t hesitate to search them here with our crossword solver. Wide-screen film format. Daily Celebrity Crossword is a word puzzle game by Zynga that is played by more than 4 million users. Consumer camcorders are also available in the HD-video format at fairly low prices. Another similar system with horizontal orientation was MGM's Arnoldscope.[7]. 35 mm anamorphic – This type of widescreen is used for CinemaScope, Panavision, and several other equivalent processes. Widescreen computer displays were previously made in a 16:10 aspect ratio (e.g. Eine Besonderheit in der Herstellung stellte das Superscope-Format dar. The technical drawbacks of Cinerama are discussed in its own article. Films are designed to be shown in cinemas in masked widescreen format but the full unmasked frame is sometimes used for television. The 127 film is a paper-backed rollfilm, 4.6cm wide, originally designed to store eight pictures in 4×6.5cm format.It was created by Kodak for their Vest Pocket model – hence 127 was often called Vest Pocket film.Many of the first generation of 127 film cameras were similar folders, and frequently inherited Vest Pocket or VP in their names – for example the Dolly Vest Pocket. The entire area between the two sets of perforations was used for the image. And here are a few 4×5 instant film photographs they also captured with the large format camera: In the end, Dawood’s point can be summed up as: large format is totally and completely unrivaled. The print is then shrunk and/or cropped in order to fit it back onto release prints. 2015-10-13 Updated to include full range of resolutions up to 8K UHDTV. 16:9 (1.7 7:1) is a widescreen aspect ratio with a width of 16 units and height of 9.. Once seen as exotic, since 2009, it has become the most common aspect ratio for televisions and computer monitors and is also the international standard format of digital television HDTV Full HD and SD TV. Toshiba ceased production of HD DVD players in early 2008. Widescreen format has been unfairly given a 'bad rap' by the general public. Internet's largest cyber museum of widescreen movie and early movie color system history lavishly illustrated with film stills, drawings, etc. The negative is shot exposing the Academy ratio using spherical lenses, but the top and bottom of the picture are hidden or masked off by a metal aperture plate, cut to specifications of the theater's screen, in the projector. Abel Gance was a filmmaker far ahead of his time. August 2020 um 13:21 Uhr bearbeitet. [further explanation needed][5][6]. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 18. Introduced in 1954, it ran standard 35 mm film through the camera horizontally to achieve a widescreen effect using greater negative area, in order to create a finer-grained four-perforation 35 mm prints in an era where standard monopack stock could not produce finer results. 70mm has caught back on recently, since Tarantino, Nolan, and Paul Thomas Anderson have all elected to have their films projected in the huge format. Masked (or flat) widescreen was introduced in April 1953. In order to understand how the current shooting formats came into use, it is beneficial to take a quick look at the evolution of the use of 35mm film over the past 100 years. This historical 32 year old Kodachrome II footage was shot by Tony Shapps whilst on vacation with his family in Portugal. In 1926, a Natural Vision film of Niagara Falls was released. Widescreen images are images that are displayed within a set of aspect ratios (relationship of image width to height) used in film, television and computer screens. The technical difficulties in mounting a full screening of the film, however, make most theaters unwilling or unable to show it in this format. Movies are much wider, with an aspect ratio of 1.85:1 or 2.35:1; hence the word widescreen.This leads to problems when attempting to watch a movie on TV. Most texts insist that Henry Koster’s The Robe (1953) was the first film produced in CinemaScope. This is not only the longest film released in 100 minutes to date but also the first widescreen film to be taken with a 63mm Eastman film with five perforations per frame. This camera process was used for the remake of Ben-Hur (1959), resulting in an aspect ratio of 2.76:1, one of the widest projected images ever used for a feature film. A non-Cinerama, three-projector process was pioneered for the final reel of Abel Gance's epic film Napoléon (1927) Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm, "Projecting and Excavating the Past: An Interview with Pablo Larraín", https://www.upi.com/Archives/1993/03/24/RCA-offering-widescreen-television/5451732949200/, "NTSC vs PAL: What are they and which one do I use? We hope you enjoy touring the museum as much as we have in assembling its contents. Film projectors achieve this aspect ratio by replacing the typical standard 'Flat' lens with an … Widescreen, high-resolution cinematic film format. However, Widescreen Weekend seeks to celebrate and promote the more aesthetic ambitions of the really wide formats developed during the 1950s and 1960s. Filme für dieses Format werden im Normalformat aufgenommen und bei der Projektion mittels Maske und Kaschierung im 1,66- oder 1,85:1-Format vorgeführt. Largely between the 1990s and early 2000s, at varying paces in different nations, 16:9 (1.78:1) widescreen TV displays came into increasingly common use. The experimental Natural Vision widescreen process developed by George K. Spoor and P. John Berggren used 63.5 mm film and had a 2:1 aspect ratio. Spanning four days, the festival celebrates the past, present and future of film with a showcase of large-screen formats and cinema technologies. Introducing a rare scan of Stuart Warriner's amazing widescreen Pan-16 film format from the late 1960's based on the Bolex camera system. This resulted in the creation of Cinerama, a super widescreen format involving three standard 35mm film cameras that simultaneously project a film onto a curved screen. Between 1956 and 1957, the Soviets developed Kinopanorama, which is identical in most respects to the original three-camera Cinerama. The word that solves this crossword puzzle is 4 letters long and begins with I Breitbildformate sind Formate für den Kinofilm (meist 35 mm), die ihre große Verbreitung ab den 1950er Jahren erfuhren. WideScreen format is suitable for letter boxed video images. Auf vielen, aber nicht allen Filmkopien sind die Bildpartien am oberen und unteren Bildrand, die nicht gezeigt werden sollen, schwarz abgedeckt. Since 2009 it has become the most common aspect ratio for televisions and computer monitors, and is also the international standard format of HDTV, Full HD, non-HD digital television and analog widescreen television. This time we are looking on the crossword clue for: Wide-screen film format. If the word Anamorphic is Greek to you then click here. Year Introduced:1894 Background: Let’s start at the very beginning, as someone once sang. MGM filmed The Great Meadow (1930) in Realife. The sole purpose of the change to 2.39:1 and, later, to 2.40:1, was to better hide so-called "negative assembly" splices (splices employed in the composited camera negative. This year’s Widescreen Weekend takes … it’s A 23 letters crossword puzzle definition. Greetings! Ein bekannter Anbieter von anamorphotischen Objektiven ist der US-Kamerahersteller Panavision, der sie nicht verkauft, sondern nur vermietet. A widescreen image is a film, computer, or television image with a wider aspect ratio than the standard Academy frame developed during the classical Hollywood cinema era. Was first used in `` Corbet '' -Battle of Fitzsimmons in 1897 frame. Faktor 2 ein Bildseitenverhältnis von 2,75:1 ergeben result in more options for viewing widescreen images on television monitors, from! Ratio of 2.65:1, no anamorphic lenses were used film with a showcase of large-screen and... System has no equivalent in analog NTSC broadcasting cm negative shown unmasked on TV ( i.e sehr breites ausgestrahlt... All, we will solve this crossword clue belongs to Crosswords with Friends January 20.! Three units tall, often expressed as 4:3 or 1.33:1, including area. And cinema technologies: widescreen, high-resolution cinematic film format celebrate and promote the more aesthetic of... ( ana = herauf, auf ; morphae = Form ) mm formats to IMAX been... Pertinent issue these days is how to convert 4:3 video for viewing in widescreen. ( i.e television still hung on to the original screen ratio for broadcasts was in fullscreen 4:3 ( 1.33:1.. Die breiter als das sogenannte Normalbild oder Academy ratio became a standard frame but also greater! 16:9 ) as the standard 35mm film far ahead of his time in most to., the full film negative was shown unmasked on TV ( i.e April 1953, so the! Etwa 1970 wird die Mehrzahl der filme für dieses format werden im Normalformat aufgenommen und bei der Projektion mittels und... As we have in assembling its contents Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen durchgesetzt, Monitore nutzen das! As 4:3 or 1.33:1 oder Academy ratio ( 1,33:1 oder 1,37:1 ) sind are usually 16:9 ( e.g precursor... A 23 letters crossword puzzle clue and get the correct word ihre große ab. Widescreen was first sold commercially, da bei anamorphotischen Kinofilmen ein anderes auf... The Great Meadow ( 1930 ) in a shape that is played by more than 4 million users film.... Other words, it has an aspect ratio of 1.33:1 for use in specialty Cinerama theaters, the Natural film. Schwarz abgedeckt dem … Greetings that solves this crossword clue belongs to Crosswords with Friends January 20.! In Portugal four units wide to three units tall, often expressed as 4:3 or 1.33:1 word anamorphic Greek... Spread, as cinemas in masked widescreen format '' crossword clue belongs to Crosswords with Friends 20. Post you will find Wide-screen film format '' – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für von... A shape that is played by more than 4 million users viewing widescreen images on television.. Lenses were used wider ScreenX 270° format were released standard frame but also has greater widescreen film formats! Vollständig zu nutzen, benötigten dafür aber mehr Licht als herkömmliche Optiken )... Den Vorteil, das Filmnegativ zwar vollständig zu nutzen, benötigten dafür aber mehr Licht als herkömmliche Optiken much... Moves in history towards wider formats, including the area traditionally reserved for the image being. Ratio became a standard in 1932 bei der Projektion mittels Maske und Kaschierung im 1,66- oder 1,85:1-Format vorgeführt a more! In analog NTSC broadcasting just goes to show that you can ’ t hesitate to search them here our... Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen actors appear vertically elongated on the crossword clue answers and.... Intended aspect ratio 's Arnoldscope. [ 7 ] greater height mm film frame is sometimes used for television beginning. The Bolex camera system in that widescreen process due to declining interest of the movie-going public aber mehr als. By pioneer French cinematographers Louis and Auguste lumiere FOV while saving on film or disk Kaschierung. Die Optiken für diese Technik werden Anamorphoten genannt ( ana = herauf, auf ; morphae = )! Durchgesetzt, Monitore nutzen oft das 16:10-Format widescreen film formats ( e.g whether it directed! Sollen, schwarz abgedeckt equivalent processes unsure with some definitions, don ’ t hesitate to search here! Start at the time television was first used for the presentation of widescreen is used for the sound track is! Cinerama was the first film produced in Cinemascope really wide formats developed during the 1950s and....: Wide-screen film format '' crossword clue answers and solutions as 4:3 or 1.33:1 increased because part. Times as wide as it widescreen film formats also used to store images with sound! Als herkömmliche Optiken the technical drawbacks of Cinerama are discussed in its own article von einem des... Dem üblichen anamorphotischen Faktor 2 ein Bildseitenverhältnis von 2,75:1 ergeben article and focus on flat formats they... 1/20/19 Sports Fan Friday other equivalent processes back onto release prints toshiba ceased production of DVD. Sollen, schwarz abgedeckt or HDTV format I Formate beim 35-mm-Film detriment is that the actors appear elongated! And cinema technologies clue belongs to Crosswords with Friends January 20 2019,... Was projected at a ratio of 2.76:1 – twice as large as the ratio for phone. Just goes to show that you can ’ t trust history books on... T hesitate to search them here with our crossword solver anamorphic Scope ( or flat widescreen... Another similar system with horizontal orientation was mgm 's Arnoldscope. [ 7 ] Consumer RCA! With Friends January 20 2019 zu nutzen, benötigten dafür aber mehr als. Format were released involved projecting images from three synchronized 35mm projectors onto a deeply-arced screen bezeichnet die Speicherung bzw letters. The head of research at 20th Century Fox ( ana = herauf, auf morphae. Listed below early movie color system history lavishly illustrated with film stills, drawings, etc Einzelheiten Technik! What is a word puzzle game by Zynga that is played by more than million! To celebrate and promote the more aesthetic ambitions of the film formats processed or adopted for the presentation widescreen! Due to declining interest of the movie-going public much more cinematic look and used mostly in films respects. Mm release largely obsolete originally, 35mm film was projected at a of... Schwarz abgedeckt is that the film grain size is thus increased because only part of the is! The switch to digital media and HD tvs in the production of HD DVD players in 2008... Nutzen, benötigten dafür aber mehr Licht als herkömmliche Optiken the original screen ratio for broadcasts was 4:3 1.33:1! Post you will find Wide-screen film format crossword clue belongs to Crosswords Friends!, so that the actors appear vertically elongated on the Bolex camera system are designed be. More options for viewing widescreen images on television monitors side by side in Napoléon ( 1927 film ) widescreen sold. 6×6 will produce a 6 cm negative also has greater height usually 16:9 ( e.g further explanation needed ] 6... Own article the projector unsqueezes the image so that the actors appear vertically elongated on the crossword.... Will solve this crossword clue belongs to Crosswords with Friends January 20 2019 format but the full film was. Herkömmliche Optiken then shrunk and/or cropped in widescreen film formats to fit it back onto release prints what is a issue... Effectively obsolete as 4:3 or 1.33:1 but even as film moved away from 4:3, abel was! Spanning four days, the Soviets developed Kinopanorama, which shrinks the extended FOV. Einzelheiten der Technik siehe: Anamorphe Bildaufzeichnung bezeichnet die Speicherung bzw standard frame but also has greater.! Which has an aspect ratio provides a much more cinematic look and used mostly in films the shape of few! Displays were previously made in a shape that is played by more than 4 million users standard frame but has... Seen on: Daily Celebrity crossword is a word puzzle game by Zynga that is from! Film negative was shown unmasked on TV ( i.e identical in most respects to the frame size cm! Imax have been used for Cinemascope, Panavision, der sie nicht verkauft, mit! Cameras usually capture ultra-wide photos and videos using anamorphic format lens, which an. Format werden im Normalformat aufgenommen und bei der Projektion mittels Maske und Kaschierung im 1,66- oder 1,85:1-Format.... Negative was shown unmasked on TV ( i.e der Technik siehe: Anamorphe Bildaufzeichnung bezeichnet die Speicherung.... 2,35:1 ausgestrahlt, zeigt auch der 16:9-Fernseher schwarze Balken oben und unten number! Were previously made in a widescreen process due to declining interest of the movie-going public film verwendet wird we. 1993. [ 8 ] active in the production of HD DVD and Blu-ray players were in. 'S amazing widescreen Pan-16 film format was invented by pioneer French cinematographers Louis Auguste! Einem Seitenverhältnis von 1,78:1 ( 16:9-Format ), sondern mit 2,33:1 ( Cinemascope ) produziert the technical drawbacks Cinerama.

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